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Home > News > Recycling process for recovery of gallium from GaN an e-waste of LED industry through ball milling, annealing and leaching
Recycling process for recovery of gallium from GaN an e-waste of LED industry through ball milling, annealing and leaching

 

Highlights

 

Simplest process for treatment of GaN an LED industry waste developed.

The process developed recovers gallium from waste LED waste dust.

Thermal analysis and phase properties of GaN to Ga2O3 and GaN to NaGaO2revealed.

Solid-state chemistry involved in this process reported.

Quantitative leaching of the GaN was achieved.

 


Abstract

Waste dust generated during manufacturing of LED contains significant amounts of gallium and indium, needs suitable treatment and can be an important resource for recovery. The LED industry waste dust contains primarily gallium as GaN. Leaching followed by purification technology is the green and clean technology. To develop treatment and recycling technology of these GaN bearing e-waste, leaching is the primary stage. In our current investigation possible process for treatment and quantitative leaching of gallium and indium from the GaN bearing e-waste or waste of LED industry dust has been developed. To recycle the waste and quantitative leaching of gallium, two different process flow sheets have been proposed. In one, process first the GaN of the waste the LED industry dust was leached at the optimum condition. Subsequently, the leach residue was mixed with Na2CO3, ball milled followed by annealing, again leached to recover gallium. In the second process, the waste LED industry dust was mixed with Na2CO3, after ball milling and annealing, followed acidic leaching. Without pretreatment, the gallium leaching was only 4.91 w/w % using 4 M HCl, 100 °C and pulp density of 20 g/L. After mechano-chemical processing, both these processes achieved 73.68 w/w % of gallium leaching at their optimum condition. The developed process can treat and recycle any e-waste containing GaN through ball milling, annealing and leaching.

Keywords

  • LED industry Waste
  • LED recycling
  • Gallium
  • Chemical leaching
  • e-waste recycling
  • SOURECE:SCIENCEDIRECT


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